About Endocrine System

The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and release hormones that help control
many important body functions. A malfunctioning of one or more of these glands can unbalance
the hormones in the body and lead to an endocrine disorder, or endocrine disease.

Some endocrine disorders are: diabetes, adrenal insufficiency, Cushing’s disease, gigantism,
hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II, polycystic ovary
syndrome, precocious puberty. The disorders of the endocrine system can have symptoms that
look like psychological symptoms. Some of these symptoms are: depression, anxiety, fatigue,
mood swings, decreased concentration, and decreased memory. Therefore, it is very important
that patients must have physical exams before making psychological diagnosis.

Children’s Health

Children in the States – NEW JERSEY

“Although the majority of New Jersey’s children have access to health coverage, that does
not guarantee enrollment in coverage, which can jeopardize their education and their future.
In 2013, 89.2 percent of eligible children participated in NJ FamilyCare or FamilyCare, New
Jersey’s Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). In FY2013, a total of 662,198 New Jersey
children ages 0 -18 were enrolled in NJ FamilyCare, and 206,761 in FamilyCare.
More than 112,000 New Jersey children ages 0 -17 (5.6 percent) were uninsured in 2013. The
state had the 21 st lowest rate of uninsured children among states.”

Bronfenbrenner believed that a person’s development is affected by everything in their
surrounding environment. He divided the person’s environment into five different levels: the
microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macrosystem, and the chronosystem. Per this
theoretical construction, each system contains rules which may shape psychological

Our data shows that there are many children without health insurance in New Jersey.
Health is a very important factor in a child development. Both Microsystem and Macrosystem
are influenced by the level of health care we provide for our children and affect children’s
psychological development.

The microsystem is the system closest to the child, like home, school, and daycare. A
microsystem typically includes family and caregivers. This is the most influential level of the
ecological systems theory. For a child this includes his interactions with his parents, siblings,
school interactions like the teacher and the other children in his class. Children’s health is
determined by these interactions and vice versa, children’s emotions, behaviors, and cognitive
abilities affect their health. Loving interactions with family and caregivers affect children’s
health. For example, we all know that stress affects the immune system. External events
perceived as stressful by a child may function as triggers for an asthma or inflammatory bowel
disease flare. (Rietveld and Prins, 1998; Santos et al., 2001). Another example is of a child’s
emotional arousal states, which in turn result in physiological changes, such as increased pulse
and elevated blood pressure, glycemic, and immune responses. (McEwen, 1998; Seeman et
al.,1997). Not infrequently, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, or other adjustment difficulties
may occur as a result of the underlying illness.

The macrosystem is the actual culture of an individual. The cultural contexts involve the
socioeconomic status of the person and his family. Health influences can act in very different
ways because of the differing cultural interpretations that families attach to them. Parenting style
and family traditions affect children behaviors, such as participation in health prevention
programs or compliance with certain treatments by both parents and children. For example, in
many cultures, flu is considered to be a normal part of growth and development and thus parents
will not show health-seeking behavior or adherence to treatment regimens for the flu.
In conclusion, health insurance is a very important factor in a person’s psychological
development, as health issues must be addressed as soon as possible.


Children’s Defense Fund. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.childrensdefense.org/library/data/state-data-repository/cits/

Nutritious Diet When Traveling

A Nutritional Diet while Traveling

Sticking to a nutritious diet while traveling can be one of the more difficult things to do. However, if you learn how to make smart choices, a healthy diet is really not that difficult. It’s probably not the best time in which to start a healthy diet, but if you are currently making healthy choices in your foods already, modifying your diet slightly to accommodate travel, is not as difficult as it first may seem.

If you are traveling by airplane, your diet may have to include airplane food, which can often be of poor nutritional value, depending on the selection. When you book your flight, ask about your food options, ask if a vegetarian dish is available? Vegetarian dishes are sometimes more nutritional in this case, but it really depends on what they may be serving. If you can, eat a larger meal before your flight, so that you don’t have to eat the entire meal that is served, to feel full.

When driving or taking a bus, you may be tempted to stop at fast food restaurants and eat the meals found there. Avoid this whenever possible! If you’re on vacation, you may wish to splurge a tiny bit, but having fast food more than once during a week can really be bad for your health. If you must, choose the healthiest options available, like chicken breasts and diet soda.

Also, remember that you can take your own meals when traveling. Carrying a loaf of whole-wheat bread or pita wraps, some lean lunch-meat, and low-fat cheese in a cooler is a great way to avoid high-fat and high-cholesterol junk food meals. These are much better choices and you’ll save a lot of money as well. Call ahead to ask if there will be a refrigerator in your hotel room.

Lastly, make smart choices when you eat out. If you choose salads or pasta get the dressing on the side and ask about low-carb options. In fact, many places print these dieting options directly in the menu for the health-conscious people. Control your portions by ordering lunch menu sizes or splitting the meal in have and getting a doggie bag, and you’ll be well on your way to healthy eating, even away from home.

Yes, eating healthy food when you travel can be a challenge. However, your health is worth it. Eating meals high in nutrition will also assist in fighting illnesses that you are likely to encounter when traveling and you will find yourself more alert so that you can enjoy your trip.

Once you have made the firm decision to change your eating habits, you will find many little tests along the way.

Healthy Food

Good Healthy Food

When people envision healthy food, they most likely picture whole grain pasta or a serving of broccoli. However, many would be surprised at the nutritional content and health benefits of some of their favorite foods. In a world where the definition of ‘healthy diet’ changes on a daily basis, and where there is an endless list of rules to follow regarding food, it helps to remember a few simple ideas. A healthy food is any food that contains sufficient calories and nutrients to stay alive and healthy. The following is a breakdown of four, surprisingly super foods that can be used and enjoyed by almost anyone.

The potato is one of the most controversial foods in the public eye today, partly because of its reputation as a fast food item. Potatoes count both as a starch and as a vegetable. According to the editors of HowStuffWorks.com, a fresh, baked potato with skin contains less than one gram of fat, including saturated fat, and no cholesterol. It contains six grams of protein, six grams of fiber, and 63 grams of carbohydrates. In addition, potatoes contain high levels of vitamin C and magnesium, 224 mg. of phosphorus and 1,627 mg. of potassium.

Another health food wonder is Wonder Bread. As noted by Nicole Wolverton at Livestrong.com, a typical, two-slice serving of Wonder Bread contains 4-5% of the recommended daily caloric intake. Most of those calories are carbohydrates. One serving also contains 4-5 grams of protein and one gram of fat or less. To enhance its nutritional value, one serving is enriched with folic acid, riboflavin, and 30% of the daily recommended amount of calcium. In addition, it contains 8% of the RDA of thiamin, niacin, and iron. For parents of picky eaters, Wonder Bread is one good, healthy food. It provides children with necessary nutrients but can still be used in child-friendly recipes.

Peanut butter is a long-time favorite in children’s lunches and many desserts and candies, but it offers more health benefits than one might think. Lydia Stephens on Livestrong.com informs her readers that a 2-tablespoon serving of peanut butter contains seven grams of protein. While it does contain saturated fat, peanut butter also has unsaturated fat in abundance, which can lower one’s risk for heart disease and Type 2 diabetes. Peanut butter is high in potassium, which can undo the negative effects of sodium in one’s diet.

Last but not least is chocolate, which is a popular treat. The Huffington Post reveals that chocolate has properties that counteract inflammation, which lowers cardiovascular risk and blood pressure. The antioxidant flavonoids found in dark chocolate offers the skin some protection from UV damage. Flavanoids cause people to be more alert which boosts brain function. Because chocolate has anti-clotting properties similar to aspirin, it can improve blood flow as well as one’s vision. Those who eat chocolate regularly report improved moods and chocolate can even help suppress coughs. An ingredient called theobromine that is present in chocolate quiets the vagus nerve, which is responsible for coughing.

People tend to view healthy eating as an arduous task, one that involves eating foods they hate and following an impossibly long list of rules. In reality, many of the foods people eat on a regular basis are rich in necessary nutrients and are easy to use in tasty recipes. In addition, most of these foods are affordable to the average person. For those concerned about the healthfulness of their diets, it is recommended that they make small changes incorporating these common foods into recipes they enjoy. The myriad health benefits will be seen in due time.

Grow Your Own Organic Vegetable Garden

Seven reasons to grow your own organic vegetable garden

During the last decades there has been a change towards mechanization and homogenization of farming, which uses pesticides, additives, herbicides, synthetic fertilizers and mass-production techniques. All this is clearly affecting mankind’s health, and new diseases are spreading rapidly among humans and animals (bird’s flu being the most recent one).

The World Health Organization produces reports to show how the use of chemicals and other products on food, coupled with the manufacturing processes involved, are actually a threat for our health.

If you have space for a few pots or even a small piece of land, it is a wise decision to grow your own organic vegetable garden. Today I’m presenting you with seven reasons for doing this:

1. You will have no additives in your organic vegetables. Research by organic food associations has shown that additives in our food can cause heart diseases, osteoporosis, migraines and hyperactivity.

2. There will be no pesticides or synthetic fertilizers used. These chemical products are applied to obtain crops all the time regardless plagues or weather conditions, and affect the quality of the vegetables. Besides, pesticides are usually poisonous to humans.

3. Your organic vegetables will not be genetically modified (GM). Antibiotics, drugs and hormones are used on vegetables to grow more and larger ones. One of the consequences of this practice are vegetables which look all the same and are usually tasteless. Besides, we end up consuming the hormones that have been used on the vegetables, with the potential risks for our health.

4. Eating your own organic vegetables will be much more healthy for you. They will not contain any of the products or chemicals named above, and they will be much more natural than any ones you would find at the supermarket. Your health will not be at risk because you will then know that nothing has been added to your vegetables.

5. Your own organic vegetables will be much more tasty. The use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, hormones and antibiotics make vegetables grow unnaturally and take the taste away from them. With organic vegetables, your cooking will be enhanced as their flavor will show fully.

6. Organic farming is friendly to the environment. Because you won’t use pesticides or other equally harming products on your vegetables, you will not damage the soil or the air with the chemical components.

7. When you grow your own organic vegetables you are contributing to your own self-sustainability and the sustainability of the planet. Small communities have been founded where members exchange products that they grow naturally, thus contributing to create a friendly and better place for us all.

In the end, eating organic products only means that we do not add anything else to them than they would naturally have. As you can guess, additives, fertilizers, pesticides or hormones are not components of naturally grown food. To better care for your health, grown your own organic vegetables, and a few pots is all you need.